Published: Sat, January 21, 2017
Science | By Boyd Webster

Officially hottest year on record

Officially hottest year on record

Scientists believe that the temperature record announced Wednesday and other recent ones are nearly certainly caused mainly by human-driven climate change, due to greenhouse gas emissions.

Ever since records have been taken since the 1880's regarding Earth's climate, it has been announced that the years between 2014-2016 have officially been referred to as the hottest years on the planet. This is another hopeless alarm raised by the scientists blaming the human activities that is the driving force behind climate change of such levels.

These recorded temperatures "continue a long-term warming trend", scientists from NASA said in a statement.

With the exception of most of the first half of 2016, the Gulf of Mexico and the southeastern Atlantic coast sea surface temperatures were above normal for most of the last half of the year. The average statewide temperature for 2016 was 2.4 degrees Fahrenheit above the 20th century average.

The federal data found that average global surface temperature was 1.69 degrees Fahrenheit above the 20th century average for similar periods, which was 57 degrees.

Not only was this the third consecutive year to rank hottest than all previous years, it also means 16 of the 17 hottest years on record have occurred since 2000, according to NOAA. 'However, unless we have a major volcanic eruption, I expect the record to be broken again within a few years, ' he said. Scientists began tracking global temperatures in 1880. Devastating drought also hit Africa and India, with the town of Phalodi experiencing the hottest day in recorded Indian history at 123.8 degrees. This is the fifth time in a dozen years that the globe has set a new annual heat record.

Not only was 2016 the warmest year on record, but eight of the 12 months that make up the year - from January through September, with the exception of June - were the warmest on record for those respective months. The World Meteorological Organization and other monitoring groups agreed that 2016 was a record, with the worldwide weather agency chief Petteri Taalas saying "temperatures only tell part of the story" of extreme warming.

North America also had its warmest year on record.

"As the [Arctic] snow and ice goes away, that feeds back into the [Earth's] climate system", Mr. Arndt said.

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